A study of impacts of fishing pressure on Nile perch fishery on Lake Victoria (Uganda) using fisher folk community collected data

Katurole, G ; Wadanya, J (2011)
Type
Article

Fishery management on Lake Victoria in Uganda is constrained by lack of an effective fishery monitoring and regulatory mechanism, coupled with inadequate budgetary allocations to the fisheries sub-sector. This has led to high fishing pressure and a decline in the fishery. This paper presents a preliminary analysis of fisher-folk data collected over a period of one year at four landing sites in four districts along Lake Victoria in Uganda under a co-management pilot project aimed at addressing some of the problems in the fishing industry. Gear type and size and catch size of Nile perch in the different gear types/sizes was examined. Results indicated a declining fishery. Around 62.7% of the fishing canoes that target Nile perch on the lake were using fishing gears and methods that catch high proportions of immature Nile perch. Around 7.1% of the canoes caught Nile perch that was predominantly immature and illegal. Some 43.4% of the Nile perch in the overall sample was smaller than the size at first maturity for males and around 99.7% was below the size at first maturity for females. Expansion of the project in space and time, together with a revision of the current fishery regulatory law is recommended to improve the fishery management on Lake Victoria.

Publisher
Fisheries Resources Department, P.O. Box 4, Entebbe, Uganda

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