HIV/AIDS remains a serious challenge within East Africa, none more so than for the
fishing communities of Lake Victoria. Despite HIV/AIDS being first confirmed in the
region within the fishing communities of Lake Victoria, there has been no lake-wide
coordinated effort to tackle HIV/AIDS in these communities. In fact, efforts specifically
targeting fishing communities are very few and have reached only a small number of
communities. The challenge is, therefore, considerable, with prevalence rates within
fishing communities estimated at between 10 to 40%. Diverse and long-term impacts
result from this high rate, both for the people affected and for the sustainability of the
This strategy and action plan (SAP) sets out the actions that are needed to reduce the
prevalence and impact of HIV/AIDS within the fishing communities of Lake Victoria. The
development of the SAP was led by the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO)
working with partners within fisheries and within the HIV/AIDS sector. The development
and implementation of the strategy is forging new linkages between organisations,
bringing new hope to the fishing communities of Lake Victoria.
The vision of the strategy is to see ‘Fishing communities free from HIV/AIDS’, while the
purpose is ‘HIV prevalence reduced and impacts mitigated in fishing communities’.