Under Article 5(2) of the Treaty, Political Federation is the ultimate stage of EAC integration. Article 123 (6) of the Treaty provides that “The Summit shall initiate the process towards the establishment of a Political Federation of the Partner States by directing the Council to undertake the process”. Various steps have been accordingly taken by the Summit to establish a Political Federation of East Africa. These efforts gained momentum in 2004 but it was realised that not all the EAC Partner States were yet ready for that stage of integration. As result the Partner States agreed on a transitional stage - a Confederation, as decided by the 18th Ordinary Summit of Heads of State in 2017.